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【3月28日】【中央财经大学经济帝一分分彩技巧“龙马经济学双周学术论坛”】2019年春季学期第三讲·Winter is Coming: Early-life Experiences and Politicians’ Decisions

[时时彩一分计划软件]:2019-03-26 [来源]:经济帝一分分彩技巧 [浏览次数]:

  讲座主题:Winter is Coming: Early-life Experiences and Politicians’ Decisions

  主讲嘉宾:梁平汉(中山大学政治与公共事务管理帝一分分彩技巧教授)

  讲座时间:2019年3月28日(周四),15:00-17:00

时时彩一分计划软件  讲座地点:沙河校区主教301

  嘉宾简介:梁平汉,中山大学政治与公共事务管理帝一分分彩技巧教授,博士生导师,中山大学中国公共管理研究中心研究员。主要研究地方政府行为,博弈论,政治经济学,行为与实验经济学。论文发表在Games and Economic Behavior, Journal of Comparative Economics, 《经济研究》、《管理世界》、《经济学(季刊)》等国内外一流期刊。获霍英东基金会高等院校优秀青年教师奖,主持国家自科基金课题,国家社科专项重大子课题等。

  内容摘要:The preferences of politicians matter in policy-making. This paper focuses on the role of local politicians’ early-life experiences in their policy decisions while in office. We take China’s Great Famine (1959–61) as a natural experiment and examine its impact on the fiscal decisions of County Party Secretaries (CPS) who experienced this famine in their early childhood. We construct a data set that matches the biographical information of 2,831 CPS with fiscal data of 1,715 counties during 1993–2007. The results indicate that if CPS experienced a more severe famine that reduced the agricultural population by 10% during their early childhood, other things being equal, they will increase fiscal expenditure on agriculture by 6.8% and increase expenditure on social security by 10.6%. In addition, a 10% more severe famine in early childhood decreases agricultural tax by 38.8%. As a result, the early-life experience of famine leads to more grain production and agricultural employment. A back-of-the-envelope calculation suggests that these influences on agriculture in China are substantial. Furthermore, we also provide evidence that famine experience takes effect through the formation of policy preference for agricultural development, rather than the formation of beliefs about future famine.


[编辑]:张萌